The Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA in Spanish) is a project to counteract the US-backed Free Trade Area of the Americas. Born out of initial agreements forged between the governments of Venezuela and Cuba in December 2004, ALBA aims to promote regional integration of Latin America based on values and objectives opposed to imperialism. However, it continues to rely on some basic neoliberal tenets, such as a strong emphasis on exports. Concretely, it involves Cuba, Bolivia and Venezuela through cooperation pacts covering a wide range of areas such as energy, health and culture. Nicaragua officially joined in January 2007, followed by Dominica, Saint Vincent and Antigua in February 2007. In June 2009, Ecuador became a full member.
The People’s Trade Agreement (TCP in Spanish) is considered the trade arm of ALBA. It is a direct effort to defeat the bilateral free trade agreements that the US government has been pushing in Latin America. The TCP aims to promote trade in the region along principles of solidarity, cooperation and complementarity. It was launched in May 2006.
Together, ALBA and TCP form a popular axis of today’s push for "alternative" regional integration in Latin America with the direct backing of Hugo Chavez, Fidel Castro and Evo Morales.
On 4-5 February 2012, the 11th ALBA-TCP summit was held in Caracas, Venezuela. It was decided at this meeting to create an ALBA-TCP Economic Space (ECOALBA) "as a shared-development, inter-dependent, sovereign and supportive economic zone aimed at consolidating and enlarging a new alternative model of economic relations that will strengthen and diversify the production apparatus and trade exchanges, as well as establishing the bases for the bilateral and multilateral instruments that the Parties may enter into on this matter, with a view to satisfying the physical and spiritual needs of our peoples."
last update: May 2012
EU-secretdeals.info - new website reveals texts from Europe’s US and Canadian trade negotiations (TTIP, CETA) | 7-Mar-2014
Sign the petition to candidates running in the 2014 European elections: Stop the TTIP and CETA! | 6-Mar-2014
New report: No fracking way How the EU-US trade deal risks expanding fracking in Europe and the US | 6-Mar-2014
AFL-CIO, more than 40 other organizations call for public consultations on investor rights in trade deals | 3-Mar-2014
Rough trade: the new corporate power grab | 1-Mar-2014
Trade chief misleads on GM foods | 18-Feb-2014
Night anti-TPPA protest for M’sians in the dark | 14-Feb-2014
Carta Abierta a Cumbre del Mercosur | 13-Feb-2014
What is TTIP? | 13-Feb-2014
Public forum on anti-people “trade” deal | 13-Feb-2014
Déclaration de la Plateforme des organisations de la société civile de l’Afrique de l’Ouest sur l’accord de Cotonou (POSCAO) sur l’APE | 10-Feb-2014
German public TV videos on TTIP - now in EN | 5-Feb-2014
Is the TPP dead? | 5-Feb-2014