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ECT


The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT): Assessing its geopolitical, climate and financial impacts
The Energy Charter Treaty is a multilateral agreement that grants binding protection for foreign investors and includes also binding provisions for free trade and freedom of transit of energy materials and products.
Netherlands faces ISDS threat after decision to ban coal-based power generation by 2030
German company Uniper has threatened to bring an ISDS case against the Dutch government after a decision to ban coal-based power generation by 2030.
Luxembourg leads EU push to climate-proof Energy Charter Treaty
Critics say the Energy Charter provides excessive legal protection for oil and gas companies, which can claim uncapped reparations from governments who frustrate investments in fossil fuel projects.
Spain loses another dispute over premium cuts on renewables
Spain will have to pay EUR 41 million to German solar investor SolEs Badajoz GmbH for retroactively cutting long-term premiums for renewable energy projects.
Nord Stream 2 takes unusual legal step against the Commission
The Nord Stream 2 pipeline company has asked the Court of Justice of the EU to annul the amendments to the Gas Directive but Nord Stream 2 reserves itself this option of resorting to legal arbitration as well.
Nord Stream 2, EU drifting towards legal arbitration
The European Commission and the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline company are heading toward legal arbitration in their dispute, with a risk of huge fines for EU taxpayers.
Ascent Resources starts legal action over Petišovci gas field
Ascent Resources plans to lodge an investment treaty arbitration claim under the Energy Charter Treaty.
Nord Stream 2 invokes Energy Charter Treaty to challenge EU gas link rules
EU plans to extend its internal energy market rules to Russia’s Nord Stream 2 natural gas link to Germany could breach the Energy Charter Treaty, which protects international investors, according to the Swiss-registered company building it.
NextEra Energy wins dispute against Spain
The ICSID ruled against Spain in a case brought by NextEra Energy Inc regarding the US utility’s lost investments in two 49.9-MW concentrated solar power plants.
Most EU countries to terminate intra-bloc bilateral investment treaties
22 of the 28 EU nations have committed to terminate their bilateral investment treaties and use their influence as home states and respondent-states to notify tribunals of the non-arbitrability of intra-EU bilateral investment treaties and Energy Charter Treaty claims.
Arbitration against the Kingdom of Spain: final award
The net award for Athena Investments amounts to approx. EUR 11M.
How the lobbies used the threat of ISDS to neuter the Hulot Act
The documents highlight for the first time the pressure placed on the French parliament by a foreign company’s threat to use the ISDS mechanism.
US arbitration court can rule on Vattenfall’s German nuclear claim
A US arbitration court has rejected a German government petition that said the panel had no right to rule on a damages claim by Sweden’s Vattenfall. Berlin cited a ruling by the Court of Justice of the European Union.
One Treaty to rule them all
The ever-expanding Energy Charter Treaty and the power it gives corporations to halt the energy transition.
Spain loses its third millionaire arbitration award for the reduction of renewables
ICSID imposes a fine of 64.5 million euros for a claim by a fund of the state of Abu Dhabi.
Germany says Vattenfall has no grounds to seek arbitration over nuclear phase-out
Swedish utility Vattenfall has no legal grounds to ask a US arbitration court if it can claim 4.7 billion euros from Berlin for forcing it to halt nuclear production, the German government has said.
Spain to pay compensation to renewables investors
In a second international ruling against retroactive cuts in renewables support introduced by the Spanish government in 2013, a Swedish arbitration panel has awarded a Luxembourg-based investment firm €53 million compensation.
Kazakhstan’s frozen billions sound alarm for sovereign funds
The case is one of several brought to courts in Europe by Moldovan businessman Anatolie Stati who is attempting to force the Kazakh government to pay up in a dispute about his energy investments in the oil-rich country.
When climate leaders protect dirty investments
Much of the problem can be traced to bilateral investment treaties and investment rules embedded within broader trade pacts.