bilaterals.org logo
bilaterals.org logo

investor-state disputes | ISDS

Investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) refers to a way of handling conflicts under international investment agreements whereby companies from one party are allowed to sue the government of another party. This means they can file a complaint and seek compensation for damages. Many BITs and investment chapters of FTAs allow for this if the investor’s expectation of a profit has been negatively affected by some action that the host government took, such as changing a policy. The dispute is normally handled not in a public court but through a private abritration panel. The usual venues where these proceedings take place are the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (World Bank), the International Chamber of Commerce, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law or the International Court of Justice.

ISDS is a hot topic right now because it is being challenged very strongly by concerned citizens in the context of the EU-US TTIP negotiations, the TransPacific Partnership talks and the CETA deal between Canada and the EU.


The BIT footprints of emerging market economies in Africa: What do they portend for ISDS?
Despite debates about crisis in investment treaty arbitration, most emerging market economies are concluding BITs that provide for ISDS and emerging market multinational companies appear to welcome ISDS.
Third miner declares dispute with Tanzania government
The dispute is related to Canada-based company Montero Mining’s investment in the Wigu Hill rare earth element project.
Second company files investment dispute with Tanzania government
Australian mining company Indiana Resources has become the second company in a week to declare a dispute with the Tanzanian government over repossessed retention licences.
View: It’s time for govt to rethink the investor-State dispute regime
India has a faced a number of claims from foreign investors over the years under the BIT regime. It is presently engaged in over 20 investor-State disputes, with a number of them revolving around retrospective tax claims.
With passage of NAFTA 2.0, Congress boosts fossil fuel polluters, particularly in Mexico
NAFTA 2.0 cleared another hurdle as the U.S. Senate approved the trade deal with bipartisan support.
Telenor hopes to settle GP audit claim without int’l arbitration
Now that the February 23 deadline for the court directive to pay Tk2,000 crore audit dues to the telecom regulator looms, Telenor hopes that the ongoing audit dispute can be settled without resorting to international arbitration.
This Canadian won millions in a legal fight with Kazakhstan. Was it worth it?
A Canadian mining exec’s decades-long tussle with Kazakhstan is finally over. He was awarded nearly $53 million.
S. Korean firm to request arbitration in investor-state dispute with US government
KTurbo claims US government violated terms of KORUS FTA, after US court judged that the company violated place of origin rules.
S. Korean investment agreements allow paper companies to request international arbitration
South Korea has concluded no fewer than 99 investment agreements that allows paper companies to take advantage of investor-state dispute system.
Uber threatens Colombia with treaty-based arbitration after ban on use of its ride-sharing app
The US-based ridesharing services platform Uber Technologies and its Colombian subsidiary, Uber Colombia, have threatened to initiate arbitration proceedings against Colombia under the Colombia-US Trade Promotion Agreement.
“A la carte” justice for transnational corporations?
At a time when 3,400 trade and investment agreements protect the interests of transnational corporations, there is no international treaty requiring them to uphold human rights and environmental protection.
Winshear delivers notice of intent to submit a claim to arbitration under Canada-Tanzania agreement for the promotion and reciprocal protection of investments
The dispute arises out of certain acts and omissions of the United Republic of Tanzania, relating to the SMP Gold Project, says the company.
KTurbo Inc. v. United States of America
KTurbo Inc. served a notice of intent to submit a claim to arbitration under Chapter 11 of the US-Korea Free Trade Agreement.
Gazprom v. Ukraine’s arbitration
Ukraine settled an investment-treaty arbitration with Russian gas company Gazprom.
Swiss court orders Russia to pay damages to Ukrainian firms
The Swiss Federal Court has ordered Russia to pay CHF80 million ($82.1 million) in damages to 12 Ukrainian firms confiscated after the 2014 annexation of Crimea.
Pakistan moves US court to stop over $6bn fine in Reko Diq case
Pakistan has asked a US federal court to pause an Australian copper company’s bid to enforce a $6 billion arbitral award while it looks to have the award nixed.
How ISDS corporate privileges risk to undermine community struggles
Inspiring people fought toxic gold mines, dirty oil drilling and greedy luxury real estate projects. Now, costly investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) lawsuits risk to reverse their community victories.
The EU plurilateral draft termination agreement for all intra-EU BITs: An end of the post-Achmea saga and the beginning of a new one
This termination agreement marks the culmination of the European Commission’s and several Member States’ efforts to abolish intra-EU investment arbitration proceedings from the European legal order.
Intra-EU investment reform: What options for the Energy Charter Treaty?
The leaked treaty for the termination of intra-EU BITs can be seen as the culmination of an ongoing effort by the EU Commission to discourage investment arbitration between Member States, reflecting a tension between public international law and EU law.
Ncell backed by international tribunal in Nepal tax row
The ICSID has issued an interim order preventing Nepal’s government from collecting capital gains tax on Axiata’s acquisition of Ncell.