North America Free Trade Agreement
The revamped trade pact between the United States, Canada and Mexico taking effect on Wednesday was meant to create a kind of fortress North America, boosting the region’s competitiveness - but cracks are already starting to show in the foundation.
The new North American trade agreement isn’t even in effect yet and the Trump administration is warning Canada and Mexico they might face legal actions under the pact.
26 years of free trade, industrial paradise for transnational corporations and
environmental hell for the peoples.
To qualify for tariff-free trade, makers of heavy vehicles must meet various requirements, including a 60% regional content threshold that will increase gradually and 70% regional inputs of steel and aluminum.
NAFTA and other trade deals have been a disaster for American workers. Unregulated global trade consequences have led to worldwide criminal-level labor exploitation.
NAFTA panel upholds determination Canadian exports harm American producers.
The measures would face legal challenges under Mexico’s commitments not just under the outgoing NAFTA but also its successor, the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, an industry source said.
European civil society organisations are deeply concerned about the renewal of the European Union-Mexico trade agreement.
The announcement came three days after the US government launched a campaign to get Mexico to reopen plants, suggesting the supply chain of the North American free trade zone could be permanently affected.
The new free trade deal between the United States, Mexico and Canada will enter into force on July 1, the office of the US trade representative said.
Lopez Obrador said the government was reviewing the matter in the context of the entry into force of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, a trade deal due to replace the 1994 NAFTA.
The US pressed Mexico to reopen border assembly plants that are key to the US supply chain, as part of the North American free trade zone.
A private sector advisory panel established by Congress urged the Trump administration not to bring the USMCA into force before Jan. 1.
Maquiladoras which avoid most tariffs because their finished products are for export only, have boomed since the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement.
FTA partners purchased 55% of total US grains in all forms exports in 2018-19 marketing year.
Mexico’s government asked the United States and Canada to grant its automotive industry extra time to adapt its supply chains as the deadline for implementing a new North American trade deal approaches.
Date for the revised North American trade deal to kick in now up to Americans.
Canada notified the United States and Mexico that it has finished its ratification process and is now ready to implement the measures in the revised North American trade agreement.
Officials in the US, Mexico and Canada failed to meet a deadline on Tuesday that was necessary for the NAFTA replacement to take effect by June 1.
A bipartisan group of 19 US senators urged the Trump administration to push back the planned June 1 start date for the new US-Mexico-Canada trade pact.