BusinessLine | 25 July 2019
Paper industry frets as India gears up for RCEP talks
The paper industry has raised serious concern over duty-free import of paper and paper board proposed under the 16-member Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement being negotiated between the 10-member ASEAN, India, China, South Korea, Japan, Australia and New Zealand even as India is formulating strategy for the next round of RCEP negotiations in China.
The Indian Paper Manufacturers Association has called for paper and paperboard to be kept in the Negative List, with no further import tariff concessions, under the proposed RCEP. This was to safeguard the industry’s investment and incentivise it for further growth, said the association.
“The paper industry has made significant investments to ramp-up capacities in the last few years. However, the commercial viability of the investments is being impacted adversely on account of rising imports,” said AS Mehta, President, IPMA.
RCEP countries want India to eliminate import duties to tap the growing domestic market. The domestic industry needs to be safeguarded due to escalating imports from China and ASEAN countries.
Unbridled duty-free imports under RCEP will disrupt industry’s value chain linkages with farmers which has led to enhanced rural incomes, employment and greening of India.
Already, basic customs duty (BCD) on paper and paperboard stands at nil under India-ASEAN FTA and India-Korea CEPA. Further, under the Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), India extended import tariff concessions to the world’s largest paper producer China and reduced BCD to 7 per cent from 10 per cent on most grades of paper.
On the other hand, large paper markets such as the US and EU have imposed anti-dumping duties on paper and paperboard originating from some of these countries, said Rohit Pandit, Secretary-General, IPMA.
In the last eight years, imports have grown at a compound annual rate of 14 per cent to 1.48 million tonnes last fiscal from 0.54 mt in 2010-11 and in value terms it was up 13 per cent to ₹9,134 crore last fiscal from ₹3,411 crore in 2010-11.
In the same period, imports from ASEAN and South Korea, with whom India has FTAs, has increased at a CAGR of 34 per cent and 42 per cent in volume terms.
Most of the exporting countries have excess paper manufacturing capacity as they have access to cheap domestic raw material due to conducive plantation policies and cheap energy, unlike India, said Pandit.