The Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) was established by a treaty signed on 5 November 1993 in Kampala, Uganda. The agreement was ratified a year later in Lilongwe, Malawi on 8 December 1994. The COMESA treaty builds on an earlier preferential trade agreement and is aimed at creating a common market in Eastern and Southern Africa.
As a trade bloc, COMESA has 19 member countries: Angola, Burundi, Comoros, D.R. Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
In October 2008, the member states of COMESA, the East African Community (EAC, with five members) and the Southern Africa Development Cooperation (SADC, with 14 members) agreed to merge as one giant 26-member free trade area. (There is some overlap in membership among the current blocs.) This will take some time, as the three have different levels of economic integration.
last update: May 2012
“Sunflower Revolution” in Taiwan : STOP Police Brutality, NO to Free Trade Agreements NOW! | 24-Apr-2014
Imperialism and the new free trade deals | 23-Apr-2014
Pirate party: Zombie walk against TTIP in Berlin | 21-Apr-2014
TTIP debate - Brussels | 19-Apr-2014
Le département de la Seine Saint Denis déclaré « zone hors partenariat transatlantique de commerce et d’investissement » | 14-Apr-2014
Why is TTIP more than a trade agreement? | 7-Apr-2014
A journey through the lobby jungle in Brussels | 3-Apr-2014
The secret deal that threatens the food on your plate | 28-Mar-2014