The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a proposed free trade and investment agreement which began as an agreement between the four Pacific governments of Brunei Darussalam, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore. (This in turn was previously dubbed the P3 until Brunei was incorporated into the negotiating process). The P4, as it was then known was signed on 3 June 2005 and came into force on 1 January 2006 as the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership.

In September 2008, the US Trade Representative announced that the US would negotiate entry into the P4 agreement, tentatively starting in March 2009. In November 2008, the governments of Australia, Peru and Vietnam announced their inclusion as well. Malaysia, Mexico, and Canada joined negotiations in 2010, while Japan joined in 2013 .

There have been mobilizations in several countries against the agreement, including in Aotearoa/New Zealand, the US, and Japan, where, in the latter case, resistance to the agreement has been widespread, particularly among farmers. New Zealand campaigners have warned that the US proposal for the TPP’s intellectual property provisions go much further than the WTO TRIPs or the US-Korea FTA threatening Maori culture and traditional knowledge, regulations on genetic modification and access to affordable medicines. Another major concern is the inclusion of investor-state dispute mechanisms within the proposed agreement.

Leaked drafts of the agreement are available here:

last update: August 2015


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  • 9-Oct-2015 The Conversation Canada has an ISDS clause with the US. It has faced 35 challenges. Is this Australia’s future?
    Up until now, Australia has never agreed to provide American investors with access to Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS), whereas Canada has. In total Canada has faced 35 challenges. Australia has been subjected to only one case.
  • 9-Oct-2015 Australasian Lawyer Legal experts weigh in on TPP
    Law firms are among the many Australian businesses likely to benefit from the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
  • 9-Oct-2015 AJ+ Doctors without borders blasts TPP’s impact on life-saving drugs
    The TPP could give pharmaceutical corporations more power to control medicine markets and “impose higher prices for longer.”
  • 8-Oct-2015 Gestión Joseph Stiglitz sobre el TPP: El Perú definitivamente estará peor
    El ganador del Premio Nobel de Economía fue muy crítico con el Acuerdo de la Asociación Transpacífico, cuyas negociaciones finalizaron hace dos días.
  • 8-Oct-2015 El Punto Crítico El ATP, geopolítica del fraude
    Como los ladrones: en secreto. Esa es la estrategia para negociar acuerdos —o tratados— de “libre comercio”. Ya sabemos que de “libres” no tienen ni “jota”.
  • 8-Oct-2015 Amigos de la Tierra Acuerdo Transpacífico de Asociación Económica culminado – Reacción de Amigos de la Tierra Internacional
    Hoy (5/10) los ministros de comercio de doce países que negocian el gigante Acuerdo Transpacífico de Asociación Económica (TPP) culminaron el acuerdo comercial que establece las normas económicas del 40% de la economía mundial.
  • 8-Oct-2015 Global Trade Online TPP rule of origin is 45% for vehicles, with caveats; 35-45% for auto parts
    The final Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) contains rules of origin for the automotive sector that require 45 percent regional value content for finished vehicles under a complicated accounting method, along with a regional value content threshold between 35 and 45 percent for auto parts.
  • 8-Oct-2015 The Daily Blog Sober reflections on the TPPA deal – and why we need to keep fighting
    Who gave the Prime Minister and Trade Minister the right to sacrifice our rights to regulate foreign investment, to decide our own copyright laws, to set up new SOEs, and whatever else they have agreed to in this secret deal and present it to us as a fait accompli?
  • 7-Oct-2015 Imparcial México ya acordó firmar el TPP, pero ni los especialistas saben a qué nos van a comprometer
    Activistas y especialistas afirman que existe una serie de criticas y riesgos de la integración del país al TPP que pondrían en mayor desventaja a las pequeñas y medianas empresas. Las negociaciones se hicieron en “secrecía”.
  • 7-Oct-2015 Los Andes TPP: futuro en peligro para el Perú
    El pasado lunes en la ciudad de Atlanta (EE.UU.) se selló el Acuerdo de Asociación Transpacífico (TPP) del que participa el Perú junto a 11 países más, entre ellos EE.UU., Australia, México, Chile, Singapur y Japón que en conjunto equivalen al 40% de la economía mundial.
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  • AFTINET TPP campaign site
    Web page on the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement maintained by the Australian Fair Trade and Investment Network
  • Flush the TPP!
    Stop the global corporate coup!
  • Help free the TPP!
    The Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement—which some have come to refer to as "NAFTA on steroids"—could ultimately affect the lives of billions of people worldwide. Neither the public, the press, nor even the US Congress knows the full extent of what’s in the text being negotiated—but corporate lobbyists know what it contains. Help us raise a reward for WikiLeaks should it publish the negotiating text of the TPP!
  • It’s our future
    Website on the implications of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement for New Zealand
  • Jane Kelsey’s TPP (US-P4+) website
    This site is intended to provide a primary resource for the negotiations of the TPP. It is maintained by Jane Kelsey, an activist and researcher in New Zealand.
  • Moana Nui 2011
    Pua Mohala I Ka Po in collaboration with the International Forum on Globalization presents an international conference on Pacific transitions: "Moana Nui: Pacific peoples, lands and economies", November 9-11, 2011 Honolulu, Hawaii
  • New Zealand Not For Sale Campaign
    An extended P4 Agreement with the US, if it becomes reality, will be a mini-MAI for New Zealand. It must be stopped, at all costs.
  • Occupy TPPA
    The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) is a mega-treaty across nine or more countries. If the negotiations succeed they will put a straightjacket on the policies and laws our government can adopt for the next century. Corporations will gain massive new powers in Australia. Help us stop the TPPA!
  • Stop TPP & TiSA
    Stop TPP & TiSA Petition / Petición contra TPP y TiSA / Pétition contre TPP et TiSA
  • Stop TPP Action
    Japanese alliance website
  • TPP Watch
    TPPWatch is a network of concerned unions, groups and individuals formed to organise and support initiatives to oppose the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA).
  • TPP: What you don’t know will hurt you
    Site run by Public Citizen in the US
  • TPPxBorder
    Cross-border network against the Trans-Pacific Partnership
  • Trans-Pacific Partnership Digest
    The website, supported by the University of Auckland, aims to provide an easily accessible and comprehensive database of resources for researchers, activists, officials and others to encourage informed debate and critical engagement with the issues arising from the proposed TPP agreement and to influence the negotiations.
  • US-NZ Council TPP page
    Section of the UN-New Zealand Council website dedicated to the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations